Consideration of the main philosophical problems in training courses usually begins with ontology, a special area of philosophical knowledge, which examines a wide range of issues related to the problems of being and nonexistence, existence and non-existence, and also reveals the essence of everything that has this quality, i.e. quality to be , to exist .
Gnoseology and methodology of scientific knowledge
Gnoseology is the science of knowledge (from lat. Gnosis - knowledge, logos - teaching). In the theory of knowledge, the main attention is paid to the problem of cognizability of the world, the question of the boundaries of our knowledge, methods of obtaining it and criteria of reliability.
Historical and philosophical introduction: the philosophy of the ancient world
The emergence of philosophical traditions is associated with a special period in the development of world history (VIII-V centuries BC), when from ancient China and ancient India to ancient Europe and North Africa dramatic changes took place in public life and people's minds.